- Articulación compensatoria en niños chilenos con fisura labiopalatina
- Compensatory articulation in cleft lip and palate Chilean children
Compensatory articulation is a specific alteration of cleft-palate patients in which the production of high pressure phonemes is changed: they are produced near the vocal cords. This change affects intelligibility and when not solved it causes several problems. Different factors have been linked to this phenomenon. Its phonetic-phonological cause is still discussed and both the prevention and early detection are vital. Objective: To determine the frequency of compensatory articulation in Chilean children born between June 2005 and June 2007 with diagnosis of cleft velum and operated in Gantz Foundation and relate it to the factors that intervene it. Method: The medical records of the children were reviewed and exclusion criteria were applied. Data gathered from the medical records were statistically analysed. Results: 53% of the children aged between 5 and 7 presented compensatory articulation. These children were operated on at the age of about 12 months and had had in speech therapy at the age of 10 months. They presented an 83% of association with language difficulties. Only 32% of the children showed velopharyngeal insufficiency. Conclusions: It was found a high compensatory articulation frequency, which would be initially related to the cleft palate and velopharyngeal insufficiency. Among the critical aspects, it can be highlighted the age of closure of the velum, age and the pre-linguistic stimulation objectives, and association with delays/language impairment, mainly, at the phonological level.
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